Share to: share facebook share twitter share wa share telegram print page

Blizzard (Marvel Comics)

Blizzard is the name of different fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, who are primarily enemies of Iron Man.

The Donnie Gill incarnation has had the most appearances, appearing in several forms of animated media and video games as well as a live-action incarnation in the Marvel Cinematic Universe TV series Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., portrayed by Dylan Minnette, though the Gregor Shapanka and Randy Macklin incarnations have also appeared in animation.

Publication history

Created by Stan Lee and Don Heck, the Gregor Shapanka version of Blizzard appeared as Jack Frost in Tales of Suspense #45 (Sept. 1963),[1] and as Blizzard beginning in Iron Man #86 (May 1976).[2] He was killed off in The Amazing Spider-Man Annual #20 (Nov. 1986).

The Donnie Gill Blizzard first appeared in Iron Man #223 (Oct. 1987) and was created by David Michelinie and Bob Layton.

The Randy Macklin version of Blizzard first appeared in the Marvel Holiday Special #2 (Jan. 1993) and was created by Sholly Fisch and Tom Morgan.

Fictional character biographies

Gregor Shapanka

Blizzard
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceAs Jack Frost:
Tales of Suspense #45 (Sept. 1963)[3]
As Blizzard:
Iron Man #86 (May 1976)
Created byJack Frost:
Stan Lee
Don Heck
Blizzard:
Bill Mantlo
George Tuska
In-story information
Full nameGregor Shapanka
SpeciesHuman
Notable aliasesJack Frost
AbilitiesMicro-circuited suit grants:
Cold manipulation and projection

Gregor Shapanka is a Hungarian scientist obsessed with immortality, and decides that the study of cryonics is the first step towards his goal. Shapanka takes a job at Stark Industries to fund his research and attempts to steal directly from Tony Stark. After being caught and fired by Tony Stark for trying to steal from Tony Stark's secret vault, Gregor creates a suit containing cold-generating devices and is dubbed by the newspapers as "Jack Frost."[4] He attempts to raid Stark Industries where he captures Pepper Potts and Happy Hogan, but is defeated by Iron Man.[5]

Several years later, Gregor Shapanka escaped prison and attacked Stark's Long Island industrial complex using a new far more powerful cold-generating battle suit and calling himself Blizzard. This time, Blizzard was out to steal Stark's climatron device which could be used to alter weather patterns. Blizzard nearly froze Iron Man to death, but Iron Man was rescued by Potts. Iron Man caused Blizzard's battle suit to short-circuit and then captured him.[6]

Gregor Shapanka obtained financing for recreating his cold-generating costume from multimillionaire Justin Hammer. Blizzard formed a partnership with two other clients of Hammer known as Blacklash and the Melter. Together, the three criminals attacked a hotel casino in Atlantic City, only to be defeated by Iron Man and private bodyguard Bethany Cabe.[7]

Shortly thereafter, Shapanka reconstructs his cold suit in prison. When Electro uses his electrical powers to break out of the adjoining cell, Shapanka is caught in the blast and the suit is fused to his body. Electro and Blizzard then join forces to take over the Daily Bugle, but are stopped by Spider-Man and Daredevil.[8]

Some months later during the "Demon in a Bottle" storyline, Justin Hammer hires Blizzard to join an army of supervillains and battle Iron Man.[9]

Blizzard's body somehow gained the ability to generate intense cold without artificial means. Feeling alienated from humanity, Shapanka (again calling himself Jack Frost) went to live in an ice palace he created within a mountain. The Hulk found Jack Frost's new home and destroyed the ice palace. Jack Frost was seemingly killed in the collapse of his ice domain.[10]

Gregor Shapanka reappeared in the guise of Blizzard. Somehow, Blizzard had lost his bodily power to generate cold and once again needed his battle suit to create low temperatures. Shapanka returned to crime and formed a gang to aid him. However, upon robbing a bank in New York City, Blizzard and his henchmen were found and defeated by Spider-Man and were taken into police custody. Thanks to his lawyer, Blizzard was soon back at large and kidnapped Bobby Saunders (a boy whom he saw speaking with Spider-Man). Through Saunders, Blizzard intended to get revenge for his most recent defeat. Blizzard mistakes a villainous version of Iron Man from the year 2020 for the modern Iron Man and attempts to ambush him. The future Iron Man however is on an urgent mission to find Bobby Saunders (who would grow up to be a terrorist in 2020) and instantly kills Blizzard with a repulsor blast.[11]

Donald Gill

Blizzard
Blizzard.
Art by Rick Leonardi
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceIron Man #223 (Oct. 1987)
Created byDavid Michelinie
Bob Layton
In-story information
Full nameDonald "Donnie" Gill
SpeciesInhuman
Team affiliationsThunderbolts
Masters of Evil
Hammer Industries
Lethal Legion
Abilities
  • Ice generation and projection
  • Superhuman strength, speed, and agility
  • Electricity manipulation

Born in Delaware, Donald "Donnie" Gill was a professional criminal hired by Justin Hammer (who gave him a cryogenic suit resembling the original Blizzard's suit). Since Blizzard was vaporized by Iron Man 2020, Donnie adopted the name. His first mission involved working with the Beetle and Blacklash to capture Force, who had betrayed Hammer. However, Blizzard was clumsy and annoyed his teammates with his amateurish mistakes (such as creating an ice wall blocking the path to their objective). After encasing Blacklash in ice, the trio fled as reinforcements arrived to protect Force.[12]

The trio again tried to capture Force, who was protected by Iron Man. Although Blizzard fought better, when Force entered the fight, he neutralized the villains' powers. Blizzard, the Beetle, and Blacklash split up, fled and rested until their powers returned. Force found Blizzard, whose powers were ineffective against him, so Blizzard fought him with bare hands. Force repelled him, blasting him through a wall. Blizzard doggedly tried to blast Force again (despite warnings), and was electrocuted. The Beetle and Blacklash abandoned Blizzard; Chemistro blamed them for their failures, and they were arrested.[13]

Before Blizzard could be jailed, he was rescued by the Rhino for Hammer. His loyalty to Hammer increased, although Iron Man tried to mentor him. Hammer negotiated with Iron Man for Blizzard, forcing the latter to help him take down the Ghost.[14] Iron Man agreed, but Blizzard refused to believe that Hammer betrayed him. After hearing a recording, Blizzard was crushed; he surrendered to Iron Man, and was saved by Chemistro and the Melter.[15]

After solo missions against the Avengers[volume & issue needed] and the New Warriors,[16] attending the A.I.M. Weapons Expo with several other supervillains[volume & issue needed] and joining the largest group of the Masters of Evil,[volume & issue needed] Blizzard worked with a smaller team (including villains the Constrictor, Crossfire and the daughters of the Tarantula and Batroc the Leaper). Their mission failed after interference from Agent X and his allies.[17]

Blizzard attacked the She-Hulk in a bar; instead of defeating him, she invited him for a drink. Drunk, he contemplated his lack of recognition. Before collapsing in a stupor, Blizzard noted that he liked the She-Hulk. After reverting to her Jennifer Walters persona she collapsed, vomiting, on top of him.[18]

With the Avengers disbanded, the Beetle (now known as MACH-IV) decided to form a new group of Thunderbolts. Like the original Thunderbolts, they were former villains seeking redemption for their crimes as superheroes. Gill was one of the first members invited to join by MACH-IV, and he agreed.[19] However, he lacked confidence despite his desire to help people. As a Thunderbolt, Blizzard fought several enemies, including Fathom Five,[19] the Wrecking Crew,[20] and the Purple Man.[21]

Blizzard and fellow Thunderbolt the Speed Demon became close friends. When the Speed Demon tried to commit crimes with the Shocker, Blizzard convinced him to use his former Whizzer outfit and a tracking device. Angry with Blizzard, the Speed Demon tied him upside-down and naked on a bridge.[22] Although doubting his status as a superhero and feeling hopeless, Blizzard gained strength from the others (especially Songbird, who insulted him and dismissed him from the group when she became its leader).[volume & issue needed]

Baron Zemo, forming a group to fight Songbird's Thunderbolts, recruited Blizzard (who spent his days in bars after his firing by Songbird). His new teammate, the Fixer, enhanced Blizzard's abilities.[23] He battled the Thunderbolts; the groups were soon assimilated, and Blizzard helped them against the U-Foes during the Civil War.[24] Against the Overmind, Blizzard proved himself to his teammates by shielding them (and Songbird).[volume & issue needed]

In the final battle against the Grandmaster, Blizzard's suit was destroyed after the Wellspring energy was released[25] and he was pardoned for his past crimes.[26] Blizzard later appeared as an inmate at the Raft.[27]

Blizzard later aligns himself with Iron Man, Zeke Stane, Whirlwind, and the Living Laser against the Mandarin but is defeated by the Mandarin's forces.[28]

During the "Infinity" storyline, Blizzard was seen with Whirlwind robbing banks when they are approached by the Spymaster. Blizzard and Whirlwind are recruited by the Spymaster to join him and his villain allies (consisting of the Constrictor, Firebrand IV, the Titanium Man, the Unicorn, and Whiplash IV) in a plot to attack the almost-defenseless Stark Tower. During the briefing, Blizzard suddenly collapses.[29] When Blizzard regains consciousness, he discovers that his skin has turned white. Blizzard had been exposed to the Terrigen Mists unleashed upon the face of the entire Earth by Black Bolt. Being unknowingly an Inhuman descendant, Blizzard experienced Terrigenesis, which causes the manifestation of his latent powers. Blizzard thought that this was his opportunity to "be part of something bigger" and decided to leave the Spymaster's team. However, he and Whirlwind were brutally attacked by the Spymaster and the Titanium Man when they tried to leave.[30] Blizzard and Whirlwind were forced into taking part of the assault to Stark Tower. After the Spymaster used teleporter discs to teleport some Iron Man armors to the buyers, he escaped and left Blizzard and the rest of his accomplices to be discovered by the heroes, which were using the tower as a base. They managed to defeat the heroes, and they were offered to be taken to the Spymaster by the Titanium Man. When they arrived to a spaceship where the Spymaster was, they were ambushed by him and the Titanium Man, who revealed himself as Captain Atlas of the Kree (who were the masterminds behind the heist).[31] Blizzard and the other villains managed to escape custody and started fighting the Spymaster, the Titanium Man and the army of Iron Men (controlled by the Spymaster). The actual Iron Man arrived to the spaceship, after having tracked down the armors, and helped Blizzard and his allies defeat the enemies. During the fight, Blizzard used the powers he discovered of being like a human battery to overcharge the armors and deactivate them, but he fainted and fell off the spaceship's cargo door. A suit Iron Man was controlling rescued him, but to let his friends escape, Blizzard froze himself and the suit. Blizzard was taken to S.H.I.E.L.D. custody and was left under the simulation he had been delivered to the Inhumans to prove himself as the changed man Blizzard thought he was....until S.H.I.E.L.D. could know what to do with him.[32]

The Assassins Guild hired Blizzard to target Elektra. He fought Elektra in the Arctic and was defeated.[33]

During the "Avengers: Standoff!" storyline, Blizzard was shown to be incarcerated at Pleasant Hill which is a S.H.I.E.L.D. prison disguised as a gated community where the inmates are transformed into model citizens using the powers of Kobik.[34]

Blizzard later accompanied Korvac, Controller, and Unicorn in fighting Iron Man and Hellcat. During this time, he was seen wearing one of Gregor Shapanka's old costumes.[35]

Blizzard was among the villains that were killed by Black Ant and a restored Hank Pym and revived to join the Lethal Legion.[36]

Mickey Quaid

At the time when Donnie Gill was unavailable, Justin Hammer had a thug named Mickey Quaid become a substitute Blizzard to assist Afterburner, Beetle, Blacklash, Boomerang, and Spymaster in fighting Silver Sable and the Wild Pack.[37]

Randy Macklin

Blizzard
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceMarvel Holiday Special #2 (Jan. 1993)
Created bySholly Fisch
Tom Morgan
In-story information
Full nameRandall "Randy" Macklin
SpeciesHuman
AbilitiesCryokinesis

Randall "Randy" Macklin, an ex-criminal, fails to find work following his release from prison and uses a spare Blizzard costume he was safeguarding for his friend Donnie Gill. However, Macklin is quickly defeated by Iron Man, who offers him a legitimate job at Stark Enterprises after hearing how hard it was to find a job while going straight.[38]

Jim

Blizzard
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceThe Invincible Iron Man #510 (Jan. 2012)
Created byMatt Fraction
Salvador Larroca
In-story information
Full nameJim
SpeciesHuman
Team affiliationsMandarin's operative
Abilities
  • Ice generation and projection (via suit)
  • Superhuman strength, speed, and agility

A man named Jim became the fourth Blizzard upon being granted cryokinesis by the Mandarin and Zeke Stane as part of their plans to revamp and upgrade the different enemies of Iron Man. His first mission is to freeze desalinization plants in Abu Dhabi, where it would leave the country with no water. It was revealed that the Mandarin had a bomb placed in Jim's neck to ensure his compliance.[39]

When Iron Man tries to persuade his enemies to turn against the Mandarin, Blizzard heeded the call as Iron Man deactivated the bombs on them.[40] Blizzard aligns himself with Iron Man, Zeke Stane, Whirlwind, and the Living Laser against the Mandarin and his Titanomechs. During the battle, Blizzard is impaled by a Titanomech.[41]

Powers and abilities

All the Blizzards have similar powers, derived from their costumes. Micro-circuited cryogenic units make it possible to emit freezing rays, which lower the temperature of the surrounding air (or objects) and release ice as projectiles.

Donnie Gill's costume is upgraded by supervillains the Beetle and the Fixer. This enables even greater manipulation of cold, where Gill can encase people in snow and ice, create an ice barricade or generate "ice sleds" for transport. Following his Terrigenesis, Blizzard also developed electricity manipulation, where he can manipulate electrical currents and charge the energies in his body.[32]

Other versions

Earth-X

In the Earth-X reality, the Donnie Gill version of Blizzard has the same history. He was killed by Norman Osborn prior to the Green Goblin's rise to power.[42]

House of M: Masters of Evil

In the House of M reality, the Donnie Gill version of Blizzard appears as a member of Hood's Masters of Evil.[43]

Power Pack

The Donnie Gill version of Blizzard appears in Iron Man & Power Pack issue #2 with Speed Demon. He kidnaps Irena Crumb (daughter of millionaire Arnold Crumb, and a school rival of Julie Power's) from her school and takes her to an abandoned warehouse across town, where he tortures her. Speed Demon runs in, telling him that Power Pack has found them; Power Pack bursts in, and a fight ensues. At one point, Blizzard freezes the ground, causing Speed Demon to slip and smash into him. The Pack captures Blizzard, and Lightspeed takes his mask so she can rescue Irena from Speed Demon incognito. Afterwards, Blizzard and Speed Demon are arrested.[44]

In other media

Television

  • Gregor Shapanka / Jack Frost appears in the "Iron Man" segment of The Marvel Super Heroes, voiced by Chris Wiggins.[citation needed]
  • The Donnie Gill incarnation of Blizzard appears in Iron Man, primarily voiced by Chuck McCann with Neil Ross voicing him in the episode "The Beast Within".[45] This version is a servant of the Mandarin.
  • The Donnie Gill incarnation of Blizzard appears in Iron Man: Armored Adventures, voiced by David Orth.[citation needed] This version is a cryogenics scientist and former employee of Stark Industries CEO Obadiah Stane who was left scarred and vowed revenge. Additionally, Gill wears a technological suit equipped with a freezing ray attached to his right arm. Throughout the first season, Gill attempts to exact revenge against Stane twice, only to be foiled by Iron Man each time. In the second season, Gill is hired by Justin Hammer to kill Iron Man. Following a string of failures, Gill is said to have been taken out by Hammer / Titanium Man.
  • The Donnie Gill incarnation of Blizzard appears in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, voiced by Troy Baker.[45] In the episode "Breakout, Part 1", he escapes from the Vault and fights Iron Man. In the episode "The Man Who Stole Tomorrow", Gill is apprehended by the Avengers and remanded to Prison 42. In the episode "Assault on 42", Gill joins forces with the Avengers and his fellow inmates to fight Annihilus, but is killed in the ensuing battle.
  • The Donnie Gill incarnation of Blizzard makes non-speaking appearances in Ultimate Spider-Man.[citation needed]
  • Donnie Gill appears in Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., portrayed by Dylan Minnette.[46] This version is initially a cadet at the S.H.I.E.L.D. Academy. Introduced in the episode "Seeds", he and his friend Seth Dormer build a weather device to impress industrialist, Ian Quinn. However, the device causes a super-storm that kills Dormer. Gill is taken into S.H.I.E.L.D.'s custody, but develops cryokinetic powers.[47] As of the episode "Making Friends and Influencing People",[48] Gill perfected his powers while he was incarcerated and was unknowingly brainwashed by Hydra before escaping during their attempted takeover of S.H.I.E.L.D.[a] An undercover Jemma Simmons tries to apprehend him, but her superior Sunil Bakshi uses a post-hypnotic trigger phrase to reactivate Gill's mind-control. Gill is sniped by Skye and lost in the ocean, though his body is never recovered.[49]
  • The Donnie Gill incarnation of Blizzard appears in Marvel Disk Wars: The Avengers, voiced by Hideo Ishikawa in the original Japanese version and by Patrick Seitz in the English dub.[45]
  • The Randy Macklin incarnation of Blizzard appears in the Spider-Man episode "Spider-Man on Ice", voiced by Trevor Devall.[45] This version is initially a low-level henchman of Hammerhead before acquiring a cryogenic gauntlet from Harry Osborn. Despite being slowly mutated by the gauntlet, Macklin dubs himself the Blizzard, attacks Hammerhead's gang, and attempts to freeze Manhattan. However, Spider-Man acquires thermal technology from Harry and disarms Macklin before leaving him for the police.
  • The Donnie Gill incarnation of Blizzard appears in the Marvel Future Avengers episode "The Mystery Mist", voiced again by Hideo Ishikawa in the original Japanese and by Kyle McCarley in the English dub.[50] This version is a low-level gangster who was betrayed by his former gang before being exposed to Terrigen Mist and developing cryokinesis.

Video games

Notes

References

  1. ^ Brevoort, Tom; DeFalco, Tom; Manning, Matthew K.; Sanderson, Peter; Wiacek, Win (2017). Marvel Year By Year: A Visual History. DK Publishing. p. 94. ISBN 978-1465455505.
  2. ^ DeFalco, Tom; Sanderson, Peter; Brevoort, Tom; Teitelbaum, Michael; Wallace, Daniel; Darling, Andrew; Forbeck, Matt; Cowsill, Alan; Bray, Adam (2019). The Marvel Encyclopedia. DK Publishing. p. 57. ISBN 978-1-4654-7890-0.
  3. ^ Misiroglu, Gina Renée; Eury, Michael (2006). The Supervillain Book: The Evil Side of Comics and Hollywood. Visible Ink Press. ISBN 9780780809772.
  4. ^ Rovin, Jeff (1987). The Encyclopedia of Super-Villains. New York: Facts on File. p. 33. ISBN 0-8160-1356-X.[1]
  5. ^ Tales of Suspense #45 (Sept. 1963). Marvel Comics.
  6. ^ Iron Man #86–87 (Apr. – May 1976). Marvel Comics.
  7. ^ Iron Man #123. Marvel Comics.
  8. ^ Marvel Team-Up #56 (Apr. 1977). Marvel Comics.
  9. ^ Iron Man #127 (Oct. 1979). Marvel Comics.
  10. ^ The Incredible Hulk vol. 2 #249. Marvel Comics.
  11. ^ The Amazing Spider-Man Annual #20 (1986). Marvel Comics.
  12. ^ Iron Man #223–224. Marvel Comics.
  13. ^ Iron Man #224. Marvel Comics.
  14. ^ Iron Man #239–240
  15. ^ Iron Man #240. Marvel Comics.
  16. ^ The New Warriors vol. 2 #9. Marvel Comics.
  17. ^ Agents of X #6. Marvel Comics.
  18. ^ She-Hulk #1 (2004). Marvel Comics.
  19. ^ a b New Thunderbolts #1. Marvel Comics.
  20. ^ New Thunderbolts #2. Marvel Comics.
  21. ^ New Thunderbolts #12. Marvel Comics.
  22. ^ New Thunderbolts #8. Marvel Comics.
  23. ^ New Thunderbolts #15. Marvel Comics.
  24. ^ Thunderbolts #103. Marvel Comics.
  25. ^ Thunderbolts #108
  26. ^ Thunderbolts #109. Marvel Comics.
  27. ^ Thunderbolts #156. Marvel Comics.
  28. ^ Iron Man #526 (Nov. 2012). Marvel Comics.
  29. ^ Infinity: Heist #1. Marvel Comics.
  30. ^ Infinity: Heist #2. Marvel Comics.
  31. ^ Infinity: Heist #3. Marvel Comics.
  32. ^ a b Infinity: Heist #4. Marvel Comics.
  33. ^ Elektra vol. 3 #6. Marvel Comics.
  34. ^ Captain America: Sam Wilson #8. Marvel Comics.
  35. ^ Iron Man vol. 6 #3. Marvel Comics.
  36. ^ Avengers Inc. #4. Marvel Comics.
  37. ^ Silver Sable and the Wild Pack #21–22. Marvel Comics.
  38. ^ Marvel Holiday Special #2 (Jan. 1993). Marvel Comics.
  39. ^ Invincible Iron Man #510. Marvel Comics.
  40. ^ Invincible Iron Man #523–524. Marvel Comics.
  41. ^ Invincible Iron Man #526. Marvel Comics.
  42. ^ Earth-X #5. Marvel Comics.
  43. ^ House of M: Masters of Evil #1. Marvel Comics.
  44. ^ Iron Man & Power Pack #2 (2007). Marvel Comics.
  45. ^ a b c d "Blizzard Voice - Iron Man franchise | Behind The Voice Actors". behindthevoiceactors.com. December 20, 2019. Check mark indicates role has been confirmed using screenshots of closing credits and other reliable sources.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  46. ^ "Declassifying Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: Seeds". Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  47. ^ Fink, Kenneth (director); Monica Owusu-Breen & Jed Whedon (writer) (January 14, 2014). "Seeds". Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Season 1. Episode 12. ABC.
  48. ^ "Declassifying Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: Making Friends and Influencing People". Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  49. ^ Roth, Bobby (director); Monica Owusu-Breen (writer) (October 7, 2014). "Making Friends and Influencing People". Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Season 2. Episode 3. ABC.
  50. ^ "Behind The Voice Actors – Marvel Future Avengers". Behind The Voice Actors.

Read other articles:

American actress (1907-1972) Isabel JewellJewell in 1933 by Clarence Sinclair BullBorn(1907-07-19)July 19, 1907Shoshoni, Wyoming, U.S.DiedApril 5, 1972(1972-04-05) (aged 64)Los Angeles, California, U.S.Other namesIsabel JewelIsobel JewellOccupationActressYears active1932–1972Spouse(s)Lovell Cowboy Underwood (m. 1927; div. 19??) Owen Crump ​ ​(m. 1936; div. 1941)​ Paul Marion ​ ​(m. 1941; div.…

American physician, engineer, and NASA astronaut Serena M. Auñón-ChancellorNASA portrait, 2009Born (1976-04-09) April 9, 1976 (age 47)Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.StatusRetiredOccupationFlight surgeonSpace careerNASA AstronautTime in space196 days 17 hours 49 minsSelection2009 NASA GroupMissionsSoyuz MS-09 (Expedition 56/57)Mission insignia Serena Maria Auñón-Chancellor (born April 9, 1976) is an American physician, engineer, and NASA astronaut.[1][2][3] She visite…

Taiwanese electronics company Gigabyte TechnologyHeadquartersNative name技嘉科技TypeSubsidiaryTraded asTWSE: 2376IndustryComputer hardwareConsumer electronicsFounded30 April 1986; 37 years ago (1986-04-30)FounderPei-Chen YehHeadquartersXindian District, New Taipei City, TaiwanCity of Industry, CaliforniaUnited StatesArea servedWorldwideKey peoplePei-Cheng Yeh (Chairman)Ming-Hsiung Liu (CEO)Products Personal computers Motherboards Graphics cards Power supply unit PC componen…

Potensial aksi adalah aliran ionik positif dan negatif yang bergerak di membran sel. Langkah awal pengolahan informasi indra adalah transformasi energi stimulus menjadi potensial reseptor, lalu menjadi potensial aksi pada serabut saraf. Pola potensial aksi merupakan kode informasi mengenai dunia, walaupun kadang-kadang kode yang disampaikan berbeda dari yang akan disampaikan. Potensial aksi ada pada tiap hewan. Pranala luar Electrochemistry of plant life Diarsipkan 2006-10-08 di Wayback Machine.…

Hari NusantaraPoster Hari NusantaraDirayakan olehIndonesiaJenisNasionalTanggal13 Desember Hari Nusantara merupakan perwujudan dari Deklarasi Djuanda pada tahun 1957 yang dianggap sebagai Deklarasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia kedua memberlakukan kembali Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 di tahun 1959 dan pembentukan kementerian. Melalui deklarasi tersebut, Indonesia merajut dan mempersatukan kembali wilayah Sumatra dan lautannya yang luas, menyatu menjadi kesatuan yang utuh dan berdaulat sebagai satu kesatuan d…

1983 video gameMasters of the Universe: The Power of He-ManDeveloper(s)MattelPublisher(s)MattelDesigner(s)Mike SandersJossef WagnerProgrammer(s)IntellivisionRick KoenigRay KaestnerAtari 2600Mike SandersJossef WagnerComposer(s)IntellivisionJoshua JeffeAtari 2600Patricia Lewis Du LongPlatform(s)IntellivisionAtari 2600ReleaseIntellivisionNovember 1983Atari 2600December 1983Genre(s)Horizontally scrolling shooter, actionMode(s)Single-player Masters of the Universe: The Power of He-Man is a horizontal…

اضغط هنا للاطلاع على كيفية قراءة التصنيف القرطيونية   المرتبة التصنيفية فصيلة  التصنيف العلمي النطاق: حقيقيات النوى المملكة: حيوانات الشعبة: الرخويات الشعيبة: حاملات الصدف غير مصنف: معظم الرخويات الطائفة: بطنيات القدم غير مصنف: بطنيات الأرجل المستقيمة غير مصنف: بطنيات

селище Росташівка Росташевка Країна  Росія Суб'єкт Російської Федерації Воронезька область Муніципальний район Панінський район Поселення Росташевське сільське поселення Код ЗКАТУ: 20235844008 Код ЗКТМО: 20635444136 Основні дані Населення ▼ 53 (2010)[1] Поштовий індекс 396154 Геог…

Heinrich IV. beim Heilungsritual Skrofulose im Halsbereich (zervikale Lymphadenitis) Skrofulose (auch Skrofeln oder Scrofuloderm, von lateinisch scrofula; „Halsdrüsengeschwulst“) ist die historische Bezeichnung einer Hauterkrankung. Am ehesten handelte es sich dabei um Fälle von Hauttuberkulose.[1] Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Begriff und Symptome 2 Heilungsrituale 3 Literatur 4 Weblinks 5 Einzelnachweise Begriff und Symptome Nach Dornblüths klinischem Wörterbuch (1927)[2] handel…

This article does not cite any sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: CG Puigcerdà – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Ice hockey team in Puigcerdà, SpainClub Gel PuigcerdàCityPuigcerdà, SpainLeagueLiga Nacional de Hockey HieloFounded1956 (1956)Operated1956-presen…

Біг на 800 метрів (жінки)на Чемпіонаті світу з легкої атлетики 2019 Аджей Вілсон та Галіма Накаї на фінішній прямійМісце «Халіфа»Учасників 41 з 28 країнРозкладЗабіги 27 вересняПівфінали 28 вересняФінал 30 вересняПризери01 ! Галіма Накаї02 ! Ревін Роджерс3 ! Аджей Вілсон← …

Speicherstadt saat malam hari Tampilan udara Speicherstadt Speicherstadt (nama dalam bahasa Jerman yang berarti 'kota pergudangan') di Hamburg, Jerman, adalah kompleks pergudangan terbesar di dunia yang pernah berfungsi. Speicherstadt terletak di pelabuhan Hamburg dan dibangun dari tahun 1883 hingga 1927. Distrik ini dibangun sebagai zona bebas untuk memindahkan muatan kapal atau melakukan bongkar muat barang tanpa membayar bea cukai. Pada tahun 2009 dilakukan penataan kembali kawasan ini besert…

يفتقر محتوى هذه المقالة إلى الاستشهاد بمصادر. فضلاً، ساهم في تطوير هذه المقالة من خلال إضافة مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (أغسطس 2019) هذه المقالة تحتاج للمزيد من الوصلات للمقالات الأخرى للمساعدة في ترابط مقالات الموسوعة. فضلًا ساعد في تحسين …

Branch of the Ashikaga clan Hachisuka蜂須賀The emblem (mon) of the Hachisuka clanHome provinceOwariMinoParent house Ashikaga clan Shiba clanTitlesVariousFounderShiba Masaaki (Hachisuka Masaaki)Final rulerHachisuka MochiakiCurrent headMasako HachisukaFounding year14th centuryRuled until1871, Abolition of the han system The Hachisuka clan (Japanese: 蜂須賀氏, Hepburn: Hachisuka-shi) are descendants of Emperor Seiwa (850-880) of Japan and are a branch of the Ashikaga clan through the Shiba c…

For the Australian islets, see Bishop and Clerk Islets. View northwest from Ramsey Island showing some of the islets around Carreg Rhoson The Bishops and Clerks are a group of rocks and islets, approximately 1+1⁄2 miles (2.4 km) west of Ramsey Island, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Origins of the name There was a local tradition that the name arose from the sixteenth century wreck of a fleet of merchant ships from which there were only three survivors: Miles Bishop, James Clerk and Henry Clerk…

Kabupaten Teluk BintuniKabupaten LambangPetaKabupaten Teluk BintuniPetaTampilkan peta Maluku dan PapuaKabupaten Teluk BintuniKabupaten Teluk Bintuni (Indonesia)Tampilkan peta IndonesiaKoordinat: 1°52′49″S 133°19′52″E / 1.88037°S 133.33105°E / -1.88037; 133.33105Negara IndonesiaProvinsiPapua BaratTanggal berdiri11 November 2002Dasar hukumUU Nomor 26 Tahun 2002/LN Nomor 129 Tahun 2002Ibu kotaBintuniJumlah satuan pemerintahan Daftar Distrik: 24 distrik[1…

Former part-time unit of the British Army 1st Durham Rifle Volunteers5th Bn Durham Light Infantry54th (DLI) Searchlight Regiment, RA55th (DLI) Searchlight Regiment, RA113th Light AA Regiment, RA589 (DLI) S/L Regiment, RA590 (DLI) LAA Regiment, RAActive1860–1967Country United KingdomBranch Territorial ArmyRoleInfantryAir DefencePart of50th (Northumbrian) DivisionAnti-Aircraft Command21st Army GroupGarrison/HQStockton-on-TeesNickname(s)Stockton VolunteersEngagementsSecond Boer WarFirst…

Multi-use indoor arena in Kamloops, British Columbia Sandman CentreThe interior as seen in June 2015Sandman CentreLocation within British ColumbiaShow map of British ColumbiaSandman CentreLocation within CanadaShow map of CanadaFormer namesRiverside Coliseum (1992–2000)Sport Mart Place (2000–2005)Interior Savings Centre (2005–2015)Location300 Mark Recchi WayKamloops, British ColumbiaV2C 1W3OwnerCity of KamloopsCapacityIce Hockey: 5,464Concerts 6,000+SurfaceMulti-surfaceConstructionBroke gr…

هذه المقالة يتيمة إذ تصل إليها مقالات أخرى قليلة جدًا. فضلًا، ساعد بإضافة وصلة إليها في مقالات متعلقة بها. (ديسمبر 2020) كلايف ديربي-لويس   معلومات شخصية الميلاد 22 يناير 1936  كيب تاون  الوفاة 3 نوفمبر 2016 (80 سنة) [1][2]  بريتوريا[2]  سبب الوفاة سرطان  مواطنة ج…

هذه مقالة غير مراجعة. ينبغي أن يزال هذا القالب بعد أن يراجعها محرر مغاير للذي أنشأها؛ إذا لزم الأمر فيجب أن توسم المقالة بقوالب الصيانة المناسبة. يمكن أيضاً تقديم طلب لمراجعة المقالة في الصفحة المخصصة لذلك. (فبراير 2021) هذه المقالة يتيمة إذ تصل إليها مقالات أخرى قليلة جدًا. فضل…

Kembali kehalaman sebelumnya

Lokasi Pengunjung: 3.226.72.194